The University Landscape in the Light of the Enlightenment
Tartu / 5–7 October 2016
The architectural ensemble of the University of Tartu includes some of the most outstanding classical buildings from the Age of Enlightenment in the Baltics. The concept of the university was given physical form by Johann Wilhelm Krause (1757–1828), a graduate of the Dresden Academy of Arts and University of Leipzig, who began his career as an artist working as a tutor in the manors of Livonia. The value of the city of Tartu is in its visual qualities and environmental aspects, and therefore, the university cannot be evaluated solely as the architecture of individual buildings but as an urban unit, a rich and unique system of meanings. This gives Tartu its unique look, tying together the opposite poles of the era’s architecture – beauty and utility (schön und nützlich), classicism and romanticism, tradition and a constant quest for the new.
The University of Tartu was founded in 1632 by the Swedish king Gustavus Adolphus. It was initially called Academia Dorpatensis. The necessary preparations for creating a university in Tartu (then Dorpat) were made by Johan Skytte, governor general of Livonia.
Main Building was built according to design by the university's architect Johann Wilhelm Krause in 1804-1809:
Old Anatomicum Of Tartu University: